* An Overview of Throat Cancer - symptoms, causes and treatments

* An Overview of Throat Cancer - symptoms, causes and treatments
Information on throat cancer - an area that includes the voice box, tonsils and larynx and often being included in 'Head and Neck' cancer - including symptoms, causes such as alcohol or HPV, and an overview of complementary and alternative cancer therapies. More than 90% of the cancers are squamous and are often found in adjacent lymph nodes.

1.  There are six different types of Throat cancer: 
  • Glottic cancer begins in the vocal chords.
  • Hypopharyngeal cancer (laryngopharyngeal cancer) begins in the hypopharynx (laryngopharynx) — the lower part of your throat, just above your oesophagus and windpipe.
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer begins in the nasopharynx — the part of your throat just behind your nose.
  • Oropharyngeal cancer begins in the oropharynx — the part of your throat right behind your mouth that includes your tonsils.
  • Supraglottic cancer begins in the upper portion of the larynx and includes cancer that affects the epiglottis, (the piece of cartilage that blocks food from going down your windpipe.)
  • Subglottic cancer begins in the lower portion of your voice box, below your vocal cords.
2.  There are four main causes of throat cancer:
  • Acid Reflux - Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol - Excessive alcohol use
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV); and Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)  

These factors can have a 'multiplier' effect.

Acid reflux – can be caused by a poor diet or excessive alcohol but is often due to the presence of a bacterium Helicobacter pylori in the stomach. The bacterium is found in almost all humans and is only a problem when it is in excess, diving for cover into the mucus lining of the stomach. This causes irritation in the stomach wall. Bismuth (e.g. Gastrobismol) and Goldenseal can kill it, as can Para-Free Plus.
Excess alcohol and/or smoking can cause serious damage to the throat over time.
HPV virus has increasingly been shown to play a role and is often referred to as p16+ve throat cancer.  You can be tested for HPV infection. Orthodox Medicine has vaccines used to prevent infection in the first place. However, in recent years certain food compounds have been shown to have effects against HPV. 
Epstein Barr virus (EBV) has been shown to have an involvement. Typically thought to be the cause of Glandular fever or mononucleosis, the CDC in America has shown that this Herpes virus has already infected 50% of 5 year olds 
3.  Symptoms of throat cancer include a change in voice tone, sore throats, phlegm, a persistent cough, pain in the ears, difficulty or pain when swallowing, eating difficulties, a stiff neck and even speech problems.  
4.  Orthodox Treatment for Throat cancer can be debilitating.
 - Surgery (possibly using an endoscope) can damage the vocal chords or voice box. The throat may need reconstruction afterwards. Breathing and speech difficulties are possible. Surgery may also be required on the lymph nodes of the neck.
 - Chemotherapy (for example Cisplatin) may be used for 6 weekly cycles, often at the same time as radiotherapy - but new targeted drugs (for example Cetuximab) and immunotherapy is being developed for this difficult to treat cancer.
- Immunotherapy - PD-1 drugs such as Keytruda and Nivolumab are increasingly being used on Head and Neck cancers and throat cancers. 
5.  Self-Help for Throat cancer should include avoiding smoking and drinking alcohol, and treating any possible Acid Reflux and/or HPV infections.  Another interesting area to consider is that there are significant microbiome changes associated with throat cancers. Do you have problems with your microbiome? And, if so, what are you doing to fix them?
6. The oral microbiome exhibits changes that have been associated with oral cancers - tooth and gum problems can be linked. Increased numbers of pathogens have been found and these seem to play a part in having an active presence of HPV. Equally other bacteria can be protective according to the Icahn School of Medicine (1). For example, a 2020 study found certain bacteria in much higher numbers in patients with a greater risk of throat cancer, including Aggregatibacter, Pseudomonas, Bacteroides, and Ruminiclostridium (2). 
You could always take a look at having a Personal Prescription with Chris Woollams to help you understand what else you could do to help yourself increase your personal odds of survival. There’s so much you can do.   

Go To: Personal Prescriptions. 
Complementary therapies for throat cancer; Alternative therapies for throat cancer 

CANCERactive is Europe’s Number 1 Integrative Cancer Charity. This website alone has more than 4,000 pages of information on it, either as articles or as news stories. More than 10,000 people visit our websites every day. We know from the feed-back we receive just how much we are valued by people trying to beat cancer.

We believe you can increase your personal odds of cancer survival by taking simple health-enhancing steps and adding both complementary cancer therapies and alternative cancer therapies into your mix of conventional treatments. 

For example, Hyperbaric Oxygen, curcumin, calorie restriction, melatonin, probiotics, berberine, honokiol and turkey tail have all been shown in research to make chemotherapy work better. It kills more cells! The research is covered on this website. Surely it makes a lot of sense to use them in your personal cancer treatment programme?

We have a complete review of Immunotherapy telling you how to build the strongest possible immune system - using butyrate, soluble fibre, vitamin D and more to make immunotherapy work well.

Go to: A complete review of Immunotherapy  

Then we have an article on how to improve the success of your radiotherapy (and reduce the potential side-effects) – all by adding complementary therapies. Our Guidelines on Diet and Exercise can be found through this link:

Go to: CANCERactive Guidelines on Diet and exercise 

Our recommended anti-cancer diet is the colourful Mediterranean Diet (with its focus on the French paradox):  

Go to: The Rainbow Diet

Like Hippocrates, we believe all cancer begins in the gut and that gut problems, yeast, viral and parasite infections are common constituents of cancer.

Go to: All cancer begins in the gut

But if you just want to look at the most comprehensive list of Complementary Therapies you can find it here:

Go to: CANCERactive Complementary and Integrative cancer therapies

And if you want alternative cancer therapies start here:

Go to: CANCERactive Alternative cancer therapies 

Finally, if you want all this put together for you in one simple plan, why not look into having a Personal Prescription?

Go to: Personal Prescriptions with Chris Woollams

We don’t take one penny from any Pharmaceutical company, cancer clinic or supplements company. We have no vested interest. We just want to see you beat cancer. 

"If you are already thinking of supplementing with any of the above products, why not take a look at Our Natural Selection by clicking here."



1. Icahn School of Medicine - Microbiome Role in Head and Neck Cancers

2. Variations in Oral Microbiota Composition Are Associated With a Risk of Throat Cancer - Lili Wang et al;  Infect Microbiol. 2019 Jul 3;9:205.

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